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What are brain metastases?

The spread of cancer and manifestation of tumors in the brain is called brain metastases. 30-40% of all brain tumors are caused by seeding of a primary tumor.
30-40% of all brain tumors occur because of metastasizing tumor. Most common cancers that metastasize into the brain are

  • Lung cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Skin cancer (melanoma)
  • Renal cancer
  • Testicular cancer and
  • Colorectal cancer

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Symptoms of brain metastases

Brain metastases can cause a wide range of signs and symptoms. Anyhow, these symptoms can also occur due to other health conditions. Frequent signs of brain metastases include:

  • Headache
  • Seizures
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Changes in behaviour
  • Problems with speech
  • Problems with memory
  • Weakness of different parts of the body and problems with balance

How to treat brain metastases?

Treatment plans are designed following a multimodal approach to control the growth of brain metastases, relieve a person's symptoms and may lead to a prolonged life. At the Charité Comprehensive Cancer Center the team of specialists may combine different approaches such as external beam radiation therapy, surgical and radio-surgical procedures (Cyberknife). Chemotherapy is also used if the tumor is likely to response to such a treatment (chemosensitivity – sensitivity of the primary tumor to chemotherapy).
Click here to find the range of therapy options of the European Surgical Centre for Metastatic Disease.